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The Canaries do have their own wine too, even if is not very easy to believe. Lanzarote's wine is the most recognized, followed by the wine's from Tenerife, in la Orotava, they produced lots of it every year. Below the wine from Canary Island.

Gran Canaria

D.O. Monte Lentiscal & Gran Canaria

In the island of Gran Canaria there are wines of excellent quality, ideal for washing down any meal.

These wines have received two Spanish O.D. (origin denomination) certifications of their quality, which are "Monte Lentiscal" and "Gran Canaria".

On one side, the wines with O.D. "Monte Lentiscal" come from, as its own name indicates, the area of El Monte Lentiscal, in the inland zone and produce young, red and white wines, very fruity and with a strong bouquet. On the other side, wines with O.D. "Gran Canaria" are produced in different areas of the island excepting the zone of El Monte Lentiscal. This variety includes both red and white wines, being in general, young and fruity.

Visiting the Wine Cellars.  The Wine Route

The best way to get to know the wine culture of Gran Canaria is to visit the island’s wine cellars.  Some of these cellars have their own museums and virtually every cellar has tasting facilities, where you can buy the local wines directly.  In many cellars, you can also enjoy the local cuisine by prior reservation. This “rebirth” of viticulture in Gran Canaria has been enriched by the inauguration of the Wine Museum, which is located in a house in the centre of Santa Brígida that is more than two centuries old. ( Visit the link below to Gran Canaria Wine )

Tenerife

D.O. ABONA

This D.O. was officially recognized  at the end of 1996. The district holds 2000 hectares vine fields, spread over a big area on the southern part of Tenerife, where the landscape is dry and rough.

The vineyards are situated in a height between 200 and 1600 meters, and are therefore placed among the highest in Europe.
The best and most well-balanced wines comes from the fields placed over 600 meters. Here the soil, being from volcanic origin, is fertile, dark and well-drained.

The sorts cultivated here are Listán Blanca (70%) and Listán Negra (30%).

D.O. TACORONTE-ACENTEJO

This D.O. is found in a perfectly bound area on the northern part of Tenerife. In the latest years it has gone through a heavy renovation, both regarding ways of production and structure of the companies.

The climate is affected by the Atlantic Ocean, moist but tempered. It is often raining, and there are many cloudy days, which together with the influence of the dew, gives more than sufficient water to the wine yards. The average temperature of the year is about 16 degrees, and there is a precipitation of 450 mm.

The wine yards lies on terraces on steep hills turning north towards the ocean, in a height at 200 - 800 meter. The soil, lying on volcanic underground, is reddish, very penetrating, rich in organic material and short of chalk.

The most important, recognised vines are the green Gual, Listán Blanco, Malvasía and Muscatel and the blue Listán Negro and Negramoll. The two blue grapes are preferred.

This D.O. produces following types of vine: white wine with 10 - 12,5% alcohol, traditionally macerated white-wine, carrying 12 - 14% alcohol, rosé-wines at 10,5 - 13% and red-wines at 12 - 14,5% alcohol. The most part of the wines in this D.O. are young, easy and fresh wines, but there also are wines stored by the general rules.

They are trying to export a little of these wines.

D.O. VALLE DE GÜÍMAR

This district, which by the way received D.O. Status in 1995, is situated on the south-eastern part of Tenerife. The vines grows in a big area, in a height of between 200 and 1600 meter. The best wines you get from the fields above 600 meter, where the earth and climate is best situated to wine growing. The earth, being from volcanic origin, is fertile and well drained.

There is mostly made white wines, and the best of these are very interesting, with a good structure, soft taste and a fruity character.

So far wine hasn't been exported from this area.

D.O. VALLE DE LA OROTAVA

This district lies on the northern part of Tenerife, in an exceptional beautiful area slanting from the lowest part of the Teide mountain towards the sea.

The vine is grown in a very original way, as the vine is plaited and makes up to 10 meter plaits. The earth, being from volcanic origin, is fertile and rich in basis and nitrogen, but poor in chalk, and it has a good ability to keep the moistness. The climate is generous, with sufficient rain.

The white wines, dominating in the western part of the district, are young wines, straw coloured with hints of amber in the colour and mild in the taste. The red wines, there are frequent in the eastern part, also are young, beautifully ruby in colour, easy, elegant and rich in fruits.

D.O. YCODEN-DAUTE-ISORA

Inside this D.O. there are a handful of wine companies, able to produce some brilliant white wines. It is an active and technological well developed D.O.

This D.O. covers a big and characteristic area in the Northwestern part of Tenerife.

The volcanic earth, being fertile and of a fine physical nature affects the cultivated vines very much. This results in getting wines having a special bouquet.

Wine is grown from the coast to great heights, and the wine yards, placed the highest,  enjoy special respect because of the fine quality of the wines, while wine growing in the lower regions are about to die out. About 1000 hectares are cultivated, and the method of growing vary after the place of the area.

The most important recognised drapes are the green Malvasía, Vijariego and Muscatel, and the blue  Listán Negro, Negramoll and Malvasía Rosada.

There is produced white, rosé- and red wines with between 11%, 11,5% and 12% alcohol.

The area produces traditionally rosé wines, even if there to day also is produced white- and red wines. All the wines are young, with a fresh sourness and a fine balance in the taste. They distinguish by their big bouquet, having a distinctly flower like touch.

There are almost none export of these wines.

El Hierro

D.O. EL HIERRO

This D.O. is covering the whole of the Canary Island El Hierro, who has a tradition for wine-growing, documented all way back to the 17th Century. In the later years they use modern equipment and new methods of production, and thereby they have been able to overcome some weaknesses, which the wines from this area has had traditionally, and there is reached a level comparably to other canary districts. The  D.O. status for the area was official recognised in 1996.

The vine grows on steep hills in the height of between 200 and 700 meter. Here the earth, being volcanic, loose and rather poor, but it has a relatively good ability to keep the moisture. The climate is temperate, rather dry in the lower areas and more moist higher up.

One produce white, red and rosé wine, one kind of each, and these wines are sold solely on the island.

La Palma

D.O. La Palma

D.O. La Palma covers 600 ha spread on the Island La Palma in a height of from 200 to 1000 meter.

The two most important sub-areas are the following:

Fuencaliente-Las Manchas, situated on the southern point of the Island and known for its Malvasías. Here the wine grows in ashes up the steep hills of the volcano.

The grades of grapes grown here, are Malvasía and Listán Blanco. From the Malvasísa is produced both sweet and dry wines with a outstandingly taste, and young white wines being very up to date.

Hoyo de Mazo-Las Breñas is situated on the eastern part of the Island. Here the cultivated earth is covered by volcanic rocks, as the vine are creeping over. You will get a very tasty redwine from the grape Negramoll.

Here is produced the so-called "vinos de tea" which trough the contact to the Canary pine during the production gets a  touch of resin to the taste.

Wine from La Palma was never exported.

Lanzarote

D.O. LANZAROTE

The typical wines from Lanzarote comes from wine-yards, cultivated under exceptional ecological conditions.

The production area includes 2000 ha. wine-yards and can be split in two sub areas: The central and southern part around La Geria, and the northern part Haría-Yé.

The wine-yards in the central and southern part is situated in an area covered by a thick, dark volcanic granulate ( picón ). In the bottom of some big pots, dug out in the earth, is planted 2 - 3 vines. More than the Picón protects the vines against the warm winds from Sahara, it is also, because of its ability to suck up moisture from the nights dew, able to give off water to the vines. This is essential to them in the very dry climate. The density of the vines is low, about 400 - 500 vines on each hectare.

The most important grape, cultivated here, is the legendary Malvasía, followed by the green grapes Diego and Listán Blanco, and the blue Listán Negro.

Together with the classical Malvasías, being stored, noble, amber or golden wines, and the sweet Malvasías or Moscateles, there are lately come fresh, young, perfumed white wines, having a  big body and fineness, and which have great success. There's also a small production of rosé and redwine.

Wines have never been exported from this D.O.
 

Rules of storage for Spanish wines.

There are the following official storage names, as only the D.O. districts may use:

Crianza: Wine stored in casks and on bottles in at least 2 years, of this time at least 12 months in oak barrels.

Reserva: Red wine stored in cask and on bottles in at least 36 months, of this time at least 12 months in oak barrels. Regarding white- and rosé wines the periods are shorter.

Gran Reserva: Red wind stored in at least 24 months on oak barrels and furthermore at least 36 months on bottles. Also here the periods are shorter for rosé- and white wines.

In some of the D.O. districts there are longer storage periods than here mentioned.

Small Spanish List of words

Vino de mesa = table wine
Vino fino de Mesa = better table wine
Vino corriente or Vino commùn or Vino de pasto = normal table wine, the French's  wine ordinaries
Vino de marka = Named wine, bottled in a bodega, having a certain responsibility and name.
Vino rancio = strong, older "sour" wine
Vino de agujas = a little sparkling
Vino verde = a little sparkling wine (in Portugal it is called Vinho verde with an h)
Vino generoso = is a stronger wine with 18 - 20 % alcohol or more.
Vino tinto = red wine
Vino tintillo = pink wine
Claret = also a pink wine
Rosado = rosé
Blanco = white
Espumoso = sparkling
Abocado and Dulce = both means sweet
Seco and bruto = both means dry

Read more about Spanish wine:
My Journey Through the Spanish Wine Revolution.
By Brian Murdock
Let's Open a Bottle
 

Gran Canaria Wine http://www.vinest.net/wineareas
The museum of the wine of Lanzarote http://www.elgrifo.com
Museums of the wine - Tenerife http://www.cabtfe.es
   

 

Best choice, before, during and after the holiday!

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